There was an excellent article by Abby Ellin in the 7/12/16 New York Times about psychological abuse. We hear and read a lot about physical abuse, but not psychological or emotional abuse, which can be very subtle. I know of two women, who were both outstanding in their professions, one with an M.D. and the other with a Ph.D. Both are married for the second time to men who very controlling, which to me is a form of psychological abuse. I find it difficult to be around the couples and fortunately don't live in the same town with them. I know the mother of one was very controlling and the father of the other was both controlling and emotionally abusive. Perhaps the two women's self-esteem was so damaged that they allow their husbands to treat them as they do.
In the article in the New York Times, the reporter describes a man who hacked into his partner's computer to read her e-mails, put cameras in the house, so he could record her movements and even put a GPS in her car, so he could know here she went. The man was obviously mentally ill. I was interested to read in the article that England and Wales now consider "coercive and controlling behavior" a criminal offense and four men have been put in prison for this. The new term that is being used is "coercive control" and Dr. Even Stark has a book about this. His work helped form the law in England. Perhaps knowing about this form of abuse will help other women and teens who have relationships with controlling males. Yes, teens can find themselves in such a relationships and parents need to take appropriate action to end these relationships.